Advantages of using Python for Data Science?

Python is one of the most widely used languages for data science. But, what is the reason for such a sudden growth of this language, which until recently was unknown?

To better understand why the Python language  is being widely used in data science applications, we must first understand what that language is and what its characteristics are.

What is the Python language?

Python  is a modern and versatile programming language, having their focus to mathematics, with an emphasis on  statistics , which makes it a good programming language for data scientists.

Python  was created in 1991 aiming at a simple and productive coding, thus, its writing style facilitates learning.

Due to these characteristics, Python  is  increasingly  gaining popularity, especially in Big Data  and data analysis. And, since data science is considered the profession of the future due to the constant evolution of  technology ,  Python has  emerged as an excellent option for the growth of data science.

Unlike most languages ​​of its creation time,  Python  runs on interpreters, being thus considered a multiplatform, which eliminates the compatibility problem.

And it doesn’t just shine in data science, but has its space guaranteed in graphical interfaces,  machine learning  and the  web .

Features of Python

When comparing Java code  with  Python code  , for example, we notice the simplicity of  Python . The first can be filled with strange commands for those who do not have much affinity with programming, often with special characters.

The second, in turn, is similar to the English language, thus facilitating its understanding. And even if you have no programming experience, you will most likely understand what the code is doing if you  master English .

This is the great advantage of this language: it is easy to understand, it is easy to do. However, a detail must be mentioned: it is not easy to completely master  Python.

The same is not true of low-level languages, which are difficult to learn but are easily mastered by programmers. What causes the difficulty in mastering  Python  is precisely what makes it easier: the simplification of commands, being placed in specific names.

So, if you don’t know the name of the function you need to use, for example, it can make your job very difficult.

Why  Python is used in data science?

Data science works with a large amount of information, and its main function in companies is to help in decision making. This means that it is part of the company ‘s  business intelligence , directly influencing the direction it will take.

In that sense, as everything in the modern world is fast, the data scientist must be fast too. So, he doesn’t have time to program 30 classes in  Java  just to extract some information from a database.

Because of their ease in programming, using  Python  or even R are the best choices. However, as the first is more complete than the second, it ended up taking up more space among programmers dealing with data science.

Over the years, due to the recurrent use of the language, several repositories have been developed. Thus, it gradually became the powerful analysis tool that it is today.

It manages, for example, to perform compared to  MatLab  with its efficient libraries, the graphical analysis of  Origin  and the simplicity of R in one place and free of charge.

This makes it, by far, the best programming language to work with data analysis.

Large user community

Anyone who has programmed knows how difficult codes can be. Especially when we want to innovate, mistakes end up appearing. It’s okay to admit that, because it’s part of the programming world.

However, problem solving is important, and there are communities of programmers for that. These communities are equivalent to social networks of developers of certain languages.

Furthermore, the language community is not restricted to one country. In fact, you can get in touch with developers around the world through  StackOverflow  and  GitHub, for example.

The larger the language community, the greater the chances of finding a solution to your programming problems.

Python usage areas  

As stated earlier, the Python language   has wide application in the modern world. We will detail what a Python programmer   can do using this language. See below:

Machine learning

The  learning machine  is on the rise in the world of computer science. In free translation,  machine learning  means  the implementation of programming techniques that seek to reproduce human characteristics in the codes to solve problems.

In this way, robots were developed that can identify images, patterns in data and have preference for colors, for example.

It is currently used in large projects, such as facial recognition, galaxy recognition and even  identifying feelings .

Business intelligence

The  Business intelligence  is a vital area for large. The main task of programmers using  Python  is to handle large databases, trying to interpret the information extracted from them.

It is an area that has grown a lot, and along with the  market , the language has spread more and more.

Automation of tasks

You can automate a lot of office tasks using Python. There are libraries that can collect  e-mails , categorize and extract information from them automatically.

This is not new in the programming world, but  Python  makes it very simple to do.

Web creation 

There are two important names when it comes to the  web : Flask and Django. With them it is possible to build the back end  of web applications in an uncomplicated and practical way. In addition, these frameworks greatly speed up the more “verbose” part of the code.

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